2018-5-4 17:35:43 文/吕明欣 来源:澳门赌场app



The resources of the library can be helpful even when we are doing something very informal,such as trying to devise a better way to measure attitudes toward music or looking for a better way to teach mathematics The library can be equally helpful when we are doing something very formal,such as writing a dissertation(学位论文)or preparing an article for publication in a professional journal.In either case,our goal should be to use the library as a useful tool to help us understand and solve our problem

The following sections of this chapter will describe specific resources available in many libraries.In some cases you may already be aware of a resource and may use it frequently and successfully.In other cases you may be completely unfamiliar with a resource.Your goal should be to become aware of what is available and to know how to use each of these resources to help you solve the problem they are designed to solve.

When educators have a piece of information that they want to share with their colleagues,they often make this information available in professional journals or at professional meetings It would often be useful to have access to such information,and this chapter will

describe the special services that enable us to locate such information.

The library resources can be helpful when we ____

A.want to find a better way to measure attitudes toward music

B.are preparing a paper for a professional journal

C.are writing a dissertation

D . A11 of the above

42.The familiarity of readers with different resources

A .is more or less the same

B.varies slightly

C.differs greatly

D.should not be different



On the 36th day after they had voted, Americans finally learned Wednesday who would be their next president: Governor George W. Bush of Texas.

Vice1 President Al Gore2, his last realistic avenue for legal challenge closed by a U. S. Supreme3 Court decision late Tuesday, planned to end the contest formally in a televised evening speech of perhaps 10 minutes, advisers4 said.

They said that Senator Joseph Lieberman, his vice presidential running mate, would first make brief comments. The men would speak from a ceremonial chamber5 of the Old Executive office Building, to the west of the White House.

The dozens of political workers and lawyers who had helped lead Mr. Gore’s unprecedented6 fight to claw a come-from-behind electoral victory in the pivotal state of Florida were thanked Wednesday and asked to stand down.

“The vice president has directed the recount committee to suspend activities,” William Daley, the Gore campaign chairman, said in a written statement.

Mr. Gore authorized7 that statement after meeting with his wife, Tipper, and with top advisers including Mr. Daley.

He was expected to telephone Mr. Bush during the day. The Bush campaign kept a low profile and moved gingerly, as if to leave space for Mr. Gore to contemplate8 his next steps.

Yet, at the end of a trying and tumultuous process that had focused world attention on sleepless9 vote counters across Florida, and on courtrooms form Miami to Tallahassee to Atlanta to Washington the Texas governor was set to become the 43d U. S. president.

The news of Mr. Gore’s plans followed the longest and most rancorous dispute over a U. S. presidential election in more than a century, one certain to leave scars in a badly divided country.

It was a bitter ending for Mr. Gore, who had outpolled Mr. Bush nationwide by some 300000 votes, but, without Florida, fell short in the Electoral College by 271votes to 267—the narrowest Electoral College victory since the turbulent election of 1876.

Mr. Gore was said to be distressed10 by what he and many Democratic activists11 felt was a partisan12 decision from the nation’s highest court.

The 5-to –4 decision of the Supreme Court held, in essence, that while a vote recount in Florida could be conducted in legal and constitutional fashion, as Mr. Gore had sought, this could not be done by the Dec. 12 deadline for states to select their presidential electors.

James Baker13 3rd, the former secretary of state who represented Mr. Bush in the Florida dispute, issued a short statement after the U. S. high court ruling, saying that the governor was “very pleased and gratified.”

Mr. Bush was planning a nationwide speech aimed at trying to begin to heal the country’s deep, aching and varied14 divisions. He then was expected to meet with congressional leaders, including Democrats15. Dick Cheney, Mr. Bush’s ruing16 mate, was meeting with congressmen Wednesday in Washington.

When Mr. Bush, who is 54, is sworn into office on Jan.20, he will be only the second son of a president to follow his father to the White House, after John Adams and John Quincy Adams in the early 19th century.

Mr. Gore, in his speech, was expected to thank his supporters, defend his hive-week battle as an effort to ensure, as a matter of principle, that every vote be counted, and call for the nation to join behind the new president. He was described by an aide as “resolved and resigned.”

While some constitutional experts had said they believed states could present electors as late as Dec. 18, the U. S. high court made clear that it saw no such leeway.

The U.S. high court sent back “for revision” to the Florida court its order allowing recounts but made clear that for all practical purposes the election was over.

In its unsigned main opinion, the court declared, “The recount process, in its features here described, is inconsistent with the minimum procedures necessary to protect the fundamental right of each voter.”

That decision, by a court fractured along philosophical17 lines, left one liberal justice charging that the high court’s proceedings18 bore a political taint19.

Justice John Paul Stevens wrote in an angry dissent:” Although we may never know with complete certainty the identity of the winner of this year’s presidential election, the identity of the loser is perfectly20 clear. It is the nation’s confidence in the judge as an impartial21 guardian22 of the law.”

But at the end of five seemingly endless weeks, during which the physical, legal and constitutional machines of the U. S. election were pressed and sorely tested in ways unseen in more than a century, the system finally produced a result, and one most Americans appeared to be willing at lease provisionally to support.

The Bush team welcomed the news with an outward show of restraint and aplomb23. The governor’s hopes had risen and fallen so many times since Election night, and the legal warriors24 of each side suffered through so many dramatic reversals, that there was little energy left for celebration.

1. The main idea of this passage is

[A]. Bush’s victory in presidential election bore a political taint.

[B]. The process of the American presidential election.

[C]. The Supreme Court plays a very important part in the presidential election.

[D]. Gore is distressed.


B.美国总统选举过程,文章过程的焦点在布什获胜之因,不单单是过程,故B. 项不对。




The Guidance Department (教导处) at Burrville High School has a staff (职员) of eleven. Most of their work is done with the students. But the staff sees a lot of parents, too.

“Parent meetings form a clear monthly pattern,” says Mildred Foreman, Guidance Director. “This pattern stays much the same from year to year. The busy months are October, March and May.”

September starts rather slowly. Few parents come in, Most of these want to discuss the schedules (日程安排). October brings many behaviour (行为) problems. Some parents are called in. Others come by themselves. Things quiet down in November December is a quiet month. “It’s the holiday,” Ms Foreman says. “People want to come in, I know , but they decide to wait until after New Year’s Day.”

Report cards go home just before Christmas holidays. Bad marks bring parents in as school reopens. This happens again in March, another report card month. May is always the year’s busiest month. That’s when parents realize that their children might be held back (留级). They come in to see if anything can be done before things are decided in June.

1. “Most of their work is done with the students” means ______.

A. they have most of their work done by the students

B. most of their work is getting rid of their students

C. most of their work is dealing with the students

D. their work is mostly done together with the students